Vol. 12 No. 1 (2015): Young Views on Urban Design

Post-disaster shelter design and CPoDS

Belinda Torus
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey
Sinan Mert Şener
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Published 2015-03-01


  • Post-disaster shelter,
  • Temporary shelter unit,
  • Digital design,
  • Generative system,
  • Container

How to Cite

Torus, B., & Mert Şener, S. (2015). Post-disaster shelter design and CPoDS. A|Z ITU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, 12(1), 269 - 282. Retrieved from https://www.az.itu.edu.tr/index.php/jfa/article/view/449


Post-disaster management and reconstruction are complex processes which have many phases and actors working in order to recover the damage. Sheltering is one of the many problems in post-disaster management. Disasters leave tens of thousands homeless each year in need of rapid solutions for mass-housing or sheltering. In Turkey, earthquakes occur frequently and cause heavy damage in settlements. Preparedness for these earthquakes and ability of rapid recovery play crucial roles in order to minimize the damage. Lessons learnt from previous experiences such as Kocaeli and Van earthquakes in Turkey in 1999 and 2011 respectively are valuable. Post-disaster shelter with a variety of features to meet the needs of the survivors is designed. In the need of very large numbers of shelters, the accumulation of ideas and projects produced create a valuable library both in unit and neighbor- hood scale. Different projects used different criteria in order to design these shelters. All these criteria are taken into consideration and evaluated and with previous earthquake experiences a set of criteria is selected. The projects produced in ITU’s graduate program are assessed according to the selected criteria, producing alternative houses for different user-household scenarios and formation of the modules. CPoDS (Container Post-Disaster Shelters) is also detailed which is a tool to generate temporary shelters with containers. The generation is made by a productive system which produces alternatives for different communities.