Vol. 13 No. 2 (2016): Energy Efficiency in Buildings " Building physics and environmental control

Reflections of 1904's Erzurum to current Erzurum

Ömer Atabeyoğlu
Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey

Published 2016-08-08


  • Erzurum,
  • Historical city,
  • The Fuat Bey's Map,
  • Historical map,
  • Urban plan

How to Cite

Atabeyoğlu, Ömer. (2016). Reflections of 1904’s Erzurum to current Erzurum. A|Z ITU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, 13(2), 157–173. https://doi.org/10.5505/itujfa.2016.41713


Human activities and natural influences contribute to the heritage of a city through their richness. The relationship of a city's historical processes and their contemporary reflections may only be assessed with the data and documents inherited from its past periods. Erzurum City has a rich and bright historical past. Erzurum as one of the most crucial cities of the past has brought a glorious heritage from past to present. The oldest original map that serves as a source of information on the structure of the city is the one drawn by Fuat Bey in 1904 that is kept in Erzurum museum. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the present status of Erzurum and its past through information obtained from the 1904 city plan of Erzurum. The study was initiated with a survey of the literature on the history and urban culture of Erzurum City and the evaluation of data collected from the 1904 map. Afterwards, the data provided on Fuat Bey's Map is compared with today's data of Erzurum. The coordinates have been taken, and the buildings and structures mentioned on the map which have survived until today have been photographed. Furthermore, their present situations, their usage and their functions in urban structure of Erzurum have been revealed. In the results section, all of the existing structures mentioned on the historical map have been processed on the map of the current city. Thus, the city's historical change, its protection and its destruction, additionally their impacts on the development of the city is shown.