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Analysis of behavioural processes in cultural centres through concepts of configuration and time: A three building comparison in Istanbul

Çiğdem Bayram
Istanbul Technical University

Published 2023-08-15

Keywords

  • cultural centres,
  • changing user's demand,
  • social interaction,
  • strong/weak architectural programming,
  • space syntax

How to Cite

Bayram, Çiğdem, & Ünlü, A. (2023). Analysis of behavioural processes in cultural centres through concepts of configuration and time: A three building comparison in Istanbul. A|Z ITU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, X-X. https://doi.org/10.58278/0.2023.19

Abstract

Cultural centres have changed throughout history in terms of their configuration
and usage. Changing design approaches, socio-cultural patterns, technical
improvements, and user demands have also changed the usage, content, and
function added resulting in changing the spatial configuration and architectural
program. In Istanbul, some cultural centres still have some hard-programmed
characteristics or strict rules in terms of architectural programming relating
to the defined functions in everyday life and social interactions. Other cultural
centres maintain flexibility in their architectural program to include various social
activities. This study aims to syntactically demonstrate how the social interaction
spaces of cultural centres tended to change from the period of 1938 to 2005 by the
correlation between syntactic values of configuration and the frequencies of usage.
As a result, it can be seen that the spatial configurations have determinants on spatial
behaviour. In one centre that is examined, circulation space is more integrated
and connective. Therefore, it is used as a social interaction area that supports
random encounters. Hence, weak programming rarely has coherence between
usage frequency and syntactical values. On the contrary, in the other centres that
are examined, the users strictly follow the rules of spatial configurations. Strong
programming also has more significant correlations between syntactic values and
usage frequency. The crucial role of spatial morphology and user behaviour are
highlighted to support social interaction in strong-weak programming. How the
architectural program in cultural centres tends to change is argued.