Vol. 15 No. 3 (2018): Is sustainability out, resilience in?

Paradigm shift in studio culture

Semra Aydınlı
Department of Design and Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, Cyprus International University, Nicosia, North Cyprus
Burçin Kürtüncü
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Published 2018-11-19


  • Architectural Design Studio,
  • Contextual Knowledge,
  • Constructivist Approach,
  • Design Education,
  • Studio Culture.

How to Cite

Aydınlı, S., & Kürtüncü, B. (2018). Paradigm shift in studio culture. A|Z ITU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, 15(3), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.5505/itujfa.2018.20053


This study originates from a second year architectural design studio experience which was conducted at İstanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture in 2012 and it discusses a paradigm shift in architectural design education in the context of studio culture.The main motivation distinguishing the studio was to start an open studio culture in a cultivation atmosphere, and elaborate architectural design education in a multifaceted manner while questioning the teaching-learning duality. 'Parallax-Room 3407' inherited its name from the book 'Parallax' by Holl, which triggered the conceptual discussions it is founded on, and the studio 3407 of Taşkışla. The studio during the period of fall semester, followed different synchronous trajectories which are covered in the following subtopics in this paper: Bodily Experience, Critical Thinking, Learning By Doing, Narratives On Urban Context, Parallax: Thinking With Concepts, and Thinking By Representing.This learning environment referred to a constructivist educational approach, and was founded on the acknowledgement that design knowledge can only be achieved through discovery, not by a passive transmission from the teacher to the student. The contextual character of architectural design knowledge necessitates a paradigm shift; the activation of an open studio culture and burgeoning approaches of learning to learn, learning by discovering/ experiencing/ doing instead of pursuing conventional practices.