Multicultural diversity and migrant entrepreneurship: The case of the Netherlands
Mediha SAHIN*, Peter NIJKAMP*, Tüzin BAYCAN-LEVENT**
* Department of Spatial Economics, Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
** Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul, Turkey
With the advent of the era of mass migration in Europe, the issue of cultural diversity (CD ) has gained increasing social and political interest. There is a changing and often contradictory relationship between immigration, the increasing CD as a result of migration, and the development of global cities as desirable places to live and to work. Of special interest here are the SMEs (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises), which are often owned by migrants. Native and migrant entrepreneurs tend to differ in terms of their commercial opportunities, their business features, management styles, networks and associations, and market niches obtained in cities. The aim of this paper is to explore and review differences in entrepreneurial attitude both between natives and migrants and within migrant groups, and to explain these differences by means of distinct social and cultural indicators (derived from the cultural backgrounds of the entrepreneurs concerned) on the basis of a sample in the Netherlands.
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