Risk perception on
natural hazards in Turkey has been an emerging topic after of 1999 Kocaeli and
Duzce earthquakes. The motivation lies behind the fact that it was the first
time in the Turkish history, disaster mitigation had been considered as the
responsibility of not only the government, but also all stake holders.
Therefore, awareness campaigns, public participation, volunteering and
increasing individual capacity against earthquakes have become hot topics to
have a fresh start in building resilient communities. This paper aims to reveal
earthquake risk perception and preparedness level of Istanbul residents. The
results of two recent surveys on risk perception which were conducted in 2008
and 2013 are evaluated according to measures taken, willingness to pay for a
safer house and trust to authorities. The findings of both surveys underline
that there is an improvement in risk perception and measures taken to reduce
risks related with earthquakes.
Istanbul, risk perception, risk reduction.
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