Government debt crisis
and recession in Greece cause social, economic and demographic changes that
increase human and social vulnerability to natural and climate change hazards,
also to “forgotten” but re-emerging social risks (e.g. poverty, malnutrition,
homelessness). Human and social vulnerability heightens further due to increase
of the institutional, i.e. declining capacity of institutions to respond
effectively to stressors. Resilience and adaptations that are performed as
deliberate or uncontrolled reaction to increasing vulnerability result in
vulnerability redistribution which only rarely turns to the benefit of the most
vulnerable. Frequently, resilience performances become accountable for the
emergence of new hazards and exposure as well as unfair vulnerability
The present paper deals with the city of Athens and attempts to: (1) reveal the enhanced spectrum of risks, forms of exposure, and vulnerability in the city as a result of the crisis; (2) elevate the multiplying effect of the crisis on human and social vulnerability; (3) map the stressor-independent part of social-human vulnerability in Athens and (4) elevate adaptation/resilience resulting in vulnerability (re)allocation in time and space. Except of the theoretical background the paper turns to advantage geo-statistical data, findings of social survey studies and information being available by electronic and print media.
Social, human and institutional vulnerability, resilience to risk, economic
crisis, Athens, chronic social risk.
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