This research studies
the spatial preferences and place attachment levels of the newcomers compared to
the existing users by means of visual perception and adaptation in the context
of Istanbuls Prince Islands. The visual and physical distance of the islands to
mainland, give a chance to explore the certain images shared by inhabitants. The
hypothesis assumes that the islands are gated communities where entrance is
limited physically and semantically. Place attachment is analysed due to the
outcomes of relations between the environmental preference, physical structure,
social adaptation and social interaction in various levels of perception,
cognition and residency periods. Proximity, accessibility, topography, size and
limits are parameters considered for the analyses of physical structure.
Existing, or newcomer, the individuals symbolically interact more with the
island than the city. With the help of physical and visual isolation, islands
strongly encourage place attachment in forms of social bonds and present
welcoming environments for the newcomers. The results of the research show that
living in the context of smaller, limited settlement units, facilitates the
social adaptation of the occupants that, improves social relations and
consequently environmental satisfaction.
Keywords: Gated communities, ısland living, place attachment, environmental preference, social adaptation.
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